Cave Man: Dixon Man Gains International Fame For Creating Beautiful Caves For Homes And Art

Cave Homes1
The living room of a Ra Paulette's cave home. Photo by Sherry Hardage

Cave Man: Dixon Man Gains International Fame For Creating Beautiful Caves For Homes And Art

ESPAÑOLA — This past Saturday the Northern New Mexico College Education Department hosted a daylong seminar on cultural literacy and ways for educators to help students from mixed cultures learn and integrate indigenous cultural values.

The closing session was a little off the original topic with a presentation from Dixon resident Ra Paulette.  The Valley Daily Post had the opportunity to interview Ra at this event.

Ra, as almost everyone calls him was the subject of a short documentary produced and directed by Jeffery Karoffand titled “Cave Digger”. This short film was nominated for an Academy Award in 2013 and has received several international film festival awards. since then Ra has become something of an international celebrity although he is as not well known here in the Valley.

Ra Paulette moved to northern New Mexico around 1976 and sometime in the early ‘80’s he discovered a small “cave” that some children had dug out of a cliff side into soft sandstone for a play area. This small cave intrigued him and in 1985 he decided to try and build one as a retreat for himself.

Thirty years later Ra has completed 15 caves in the unique sandstone layers that are under the mesas of much of northern New Mexico.

Almost all of his caves are located on private land and therefore visitors need to acquire permission before visiting. LA Daily Post contributor Sherry Hardage recently had the opportunity to visit one of these caves and came back with these impressions.

Solo Traveler

Cave Homes

I had the fortune a few years ago to house-sit for a Dutch woman who owned a cave home in Ortahisar, Cappadocia.

Her house was built over an old cave that started out as a large bubble in a hot ash flow. The soft volcanic tuff was enlarged in prehistoric times to form a living space.

The guestroom was created when the cave entrance was walled in with blocks of the same volcanic rock. The room once had two large holes in the roof for the smoke from an open fire pit. Judging from the thickness of the black soot on the ceiling, the cave had been used as a primitive home for a very long time.

When the house was built on top of the cave, the two holes were plugged with giant rocks. From the vantage point of my bed, looking up into the domed ceiling, the two rocks looked like eyeballs, slightly skewed in blackened eye socket holes. Water dripping down over the centuries had washed away some of the soot and re-deposited it in a curve that formed a large hooked nose.

Parts of the walls were scraped with tools to give a uniform texture. Those deep gouges, in the darkened room looked like hideous crooked teeth. Every night I looked up into the face of a monster before drifting off to sleep.

New Mexico has very similar geology. The Jemez Volcano last erupted a little over one million years ago and left thick layers of tuff over a huge area. Long ago, pueblo people enlarged natural holes in the tuff for cave homes, too. Northeast of the Jemez there is a soft pinkish sandstone that can be seen from the road that follows the Rio Grande, on the way to Taos.

A sculptor, named Ra Paulette, has made a career carving caves in sandstone and tuff. He spends hours creating floral motifs and organic forms in the walls. He makes benches of stone for couches and chairs, sometimes putting a seat deep inside its own decorated cave.

Near Dixon, he carved a home, complete with bathroom and kitchen.  It belongs to a ceramic artist named Shel Neymark, who collaborated with Paulette on the design and décor. Neymark created the freeform kitchen sink, tiles, sconce lamps, and the sculpted bathtub. The floor is both smooth natural sandstone and raised wood. In the center of the wood floor is a hollow about 4 feet deep covered with a platform. It’s a foot drum and resonates throughout the house.

Head of the cave bed. Photo by Sherry Hardage

I had the opportunity to spend a night there a few weeks ago with a couple of friends. The space was designed with a large part of the ceiling missing, covered by glass. The living room is light and airy, warms up in the sunshine, and holds enough heat to stay reasonably warm through the night.

The home has all kinds of musical amenities like gongs, bells, flutes, a guitar, and of course the foot drum for a deep booming sound. We had such fun playing music, singing songs (when we could remember the words) and sleeping under the moon and stars that shone through the glass ceiling. It was a magical experience.

Such a fluid organic space gives the impression of residing inside the mind of its creator.

The cave can be rented periodically. Contact the owner by email if you are interested in seeing it or want to stay overnight:

Cave bathroom. Photo by Sherry Hardage


Editor’s note: Sherry Hardage lives in Los Alamos and has been traveling solo in the Americas, Europe, and Asia since she retired from Honeywell in 2009. She is a photographer, writer, and guide who organizes tours of Chiapas, Mexico through her website:

Follow the continuing adventures on the travel blog:

Hardage welcomes comments via email: